Recently several people who have purchased my designer jewelry asked about the types of stones I use in my work. So for those of you who may be interested in the information about different stones I am posting it this month. Go out and visit a local lapidary to see these stones in person.
Regards, Monique Montney
Citrine is a transparent to semi-transparent gemstone with a light-yellow color. It's found in many cuts as well as chips. It has a Mohs hardness of 7, which makes it practical for everyday wear. It's fairly inexpensive per 14 inch strand, which makes it a perfect gem to add to your collection.
Amethyst is a transparent to semi-transparent dark to light purple gemstone. Amethyst is a variety of quartz. With a Mohs hardness of 7, it is suitable for everyday wear. Amethyst can be more expensive depending on the grade, but you should be able to find a decent grade per 14 inch strand for a fairly good price.
Garnet is a semi-translucent gem that is known for its deep maroon color, however it ranges from white, yellow, green, and red. Red Garnets tend to have a Mohs hardness of 7-7 1/2, while other colors have a lower Mohs hardness ranging from 6 1/2 to 7 1/2. Garnets come in all cuts, including chips. Garnet chips are a wonderful way to go if you want to keep the price lower but the quality high.
Peridot is a translucent to semi-translucent gem. It is green to light green in color. It has a Mohs hardness of 6 1/2 to 7, so it is most suitable for every-other day wear. You can find a good grade for a fairly reasonable price, depending on the cut you choose.
Amber is tree sap that has hardened over millions of years. It has a light brown to dark brown color, and is semi-translucent. It has a Mohs hardness of 2 to 2 1/2, so it is a very soft gem. Because of its softness, it's not recommended for everyday wear. Strands of Amber usually come in chips, but it is also cut in round, square, rectangle, coins, round facets, and teardrops.
6. Gold Stone
Goldstone is a man-made gemstone composed of glass and copper flakes. It is made in three colors: brown, blue, and green. Brown goldstone is the most common color, followed by blue, and then green. Round and oval are the most common types of beads, but you can find most any type of cut. Because it's composed of glass, it's suitable for every day wear. Goldstone ranges from fairly inexpensive to expensive, depending on the color and cut. Green goldstone tends to be the most expensive.
Moonstone is a semi-translucent to opaque gemstone, and rainbow moonstone has an iridescent finish. Colors are clear, rainbow, white, peach, light grey, and dark grey. Moonstone has a Mohs hardness of 6 to 6 1/2, so it's suitable for every-other day wear. The most common cuts of moonstone are round, oval, and teardrop. Moonstone is fairly inexpensive, while rainbow moonstone is most expensive of the colors.
8. Tiger's Eye
Tiger's Eye is an opaque gemstone with iridescent strands that run through the stone as it is moved in the light. The most common color is brown, but there are other, more rare, varieties such as yellow, red, and blue. Tiger's Eye has a Mohs hardness of 7, making it suitable for everyday wear. The most common cuts are round, rectangle, oval, and chips. Tiger's Eye is a very inexpensive gemstone. You can find B grade 14 inch strands for under $10.
Turquoise is an opaque matte-blue stone. Turquoise is usually died a deeper blue or "stabilized" to keep it from losing its color. Sleeping Beauty Turquoise is naturally the deepest blue, which makes it the most expensive. When choosing Turquoise, you should be aware that inexpensive turquoise is died to give it a deeper blue, but that doesn't make it any less beautiful. It has a Mohs hardness of 5 to 6, with makes it suitable for every-other day wear.
Quartz is a translucent to semi-translucent gemstone. Colors range from white, rose, and smoky quartz. (See above for amethyst as a type of quartz.) Quartz is cut into every shape imaginable. It is a very common gemstone, but the price depends on the quality and cut. It has a Mohs hardness of 7, so it is suitable for every day wear.